Oldest Temples In The World – Part 2

Posted in History Around The World | November 23, 2010 | 0 Comments


Hagar Qim and Mnajdra, Malta:

Coming in next on the list of the oldest temples in the world is Hagar Qim and Mnajdra in Malta. Hagar Qim is a megalithic complex that stands on a cliff of Malta. The temples of Mnajdra are said to be a good 600 meters down the cliff from there. There are three additional megalithic structures that form part of the main temple at Hagar Qim. The largest of these are said to be about 7 meters high and are said to weigh about 20 tons.

At Mnajdra, there are three temples which are not connected, but could be called conjoined. The oldest of these were built around 3600 BC. A lot of artifacts collected from here are said to hint in the direction of this structure having been used as a temple.

Temple of Seti, Egypt:

This temple is said to be the mortuary temple of Pharaoh Seti I, which is located on the western bank of Nile. This ancient temple, although incepted during the reign of Seti, is said to be completed only by his son Ramesses. Another important factor that needs to be considered is that this temple is known to contain the Abydos King List. This list is a chronological list which contains names of the many dynastic pharaohs – right from Menes, who is said to be the king who founded the first of these dynasties.

Hypogeum, Malta:

This is one of the world oldest temple. This is perhaps the only underground temple dating back to the prehistoric times, and definitely the only underground temple that makes it to this list of the oldest temples in the world. It contains chambers, halls and passages that have been carved out of rock. Originally, historians believed that this structure may have been used as a sanctuary, but it is said that it became a necropolis during those times. The deepest room in the Hypogeum is said to about 10 meters under the ground and only a limited number of visitors can get a chance to view these passages and chambers for themselves. At times, there has been a full 2 – 3 weeks waiting on tickets to view the Hypogeum.

Temple of Hatshepsut, Egypt:

This is the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut, who was the ruler of Egypt from 1497 BC until the death in the 1458 BC. This structure was designed by the royal architect of Hatshepsut, who created it to serve for her posthumous worship; and it also was meant to honor Amun. The temple is built into the face of a cliff, which towers above it.

Luxor Temple, Egypt:

The Luxor temple is said to be located on the eastern bank of the Nile, and was said to be founded in the year 1400 BC. The temple was built to be dedicated to three Egyptian gods – Mut, Chons and Amun. This temple was said to double up as the center for the festival of Opet, which was one of the most important festivals of Thebes. This festival is said to last about 11 days, and this is during the 18th Dynasty. This had grown to about 27 days by the time Ramesses III took over in the 20th Dynasty.

Stonehenge, United Kingdom:

The last entry to the list of the oldest temples in the world, and perhaps the most controversial of them all is Stonehenge. This is one of the most famous sites in the world, an image that is known to almost everyone. Stonehenge is said to be composed of earthworks that will surround a setting of circular standing stones. Stonehenge was said to be the product of a culture that is no written records. There are a lot of subjects that are subject to debate. Evidence is said to indicate that this stone monument was said to be erected around the period of 2500 BC. The gigantic stones may have come from a quarry, which is about 24 miles. But the question remains, how did they manage to move those stones, when this was supposed to be an era when they didn’t possess the required technology for a task such as this.


Oldest Temples In The World – Part 1

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