IMPRESSIVE INCA RUINS – Part 1

Posted in South America | July 26, 2010 | 0 Comments


Not much may be known about the Inca Civilization, but one thing’s for sure – the people of Inca were extremely advanced for their age and time in history.

About Inca –

The Inca civilization is said to have risen in the highlands of Peru, somewhere in the beginning of the 13th century. They began conquering the lands which surrounded Cuzco, which served as their heartland. They ended up creating what was, perhaps, the largest empire during the pre-Columbian era.

With even little that remains of these Incan sites today, since the rest of it was plundered by conquerors, it is evident that the people of this civilization knew how to beautify and maintain utility.

Let’s have a look at some of the most impressive Incan sites that there were built by this advanced set of people.

10) TAMBOMACHAY –

This site is nicknamed ‘The Bath of the Inca’. If you look at most of the Incan sites, you’ll notice the importance placed on baths and aqueducts. They made for an important part of the site structure, giving evidence that water and the concept of washing, made for an integral section of their culture and life.

This site, Tambomachay, is located close to Cusco; and has a series of canals, aqueducts and waterfalls that can be seen originating from the thermal springs that are nearby. The water from them runs through terraced rocks.

9) MORAY –

This site almost functioned like an agricultural laboratory for the Incans. It was used to cultivate crops that were otherwise resistant to the climate that Peru had to offer.

This site has a number of circular terraces that were created; and the best feature is that of the climatic difference that each circle has to offer. The lower you go, the cooler it gets. The deepest crater created has a depth of about 150 meters or 492 feet; and according to reports, the temperature there is 15 degrees cooler than that of the uppermost circle.

8 ) WINAY WAYNA –

This site is built to overlook the Urubamba River. It is believed that this site may have served as a stopover for weary travelers to rest some before they began on their journeys again. Especially the ones who wanted to travel on to Machu Pichu, which is situated on the top of the hill, were treated to some much needed rest, food and water here.

The structure of this site consists of the lower and upper house complexes. Each of this is connected by staircases with interspersing structures of fountains. Besides all of these houses lies an area which has agricultural terraces.

Even today, this site continues to function as a stopover for those touring the Inca Trail.

7) CORICANCHA –

This site was originally called ‘Inti Kancha’ which translates to ‘temple of the sun’; but it is now called Coricancha and is in Cuzco. It was, perhaps, one of the most important temples for the Inca civilization and had an esteemed place in their Empire.


It is said that the walls and even the floors of this temple were covered in gold once upon a time. Golden statues adorned the courtyard; and most of these were devastated when the conquerors that succeeded them built Christian churches in the area.

There is a Christian Church, named Santo Domingo, which stands atop these Incan ruins till date. The church has also dealt with subsequent damage owing to the earthquakes that have hit the region; but given the masonry detailing of the Incas, the structure hasn’t given way.

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